List of Celtic deities, mythological beings and historical figures
Note: Celtic mythology can be divided into three main subgroups of related beliefs.
Goidelic - Irish, Manx and Scottish
Insular Brythonic - Welsh, Cornish
Continental Brythonic - mainland European
*A geas (also geis), has two interpretations in Celtic mythology and folklore. First, it is considered some kind of bond that people or even gods can be placed under; later, it took the aspect of a taboo or prohibition. A geas can also be compared with a curse. If someone placed under a geas breaks it, the infractor will suffer dishonour or even death.
By Tuireann, she was the mother of Creidhne, Luchtaine and Giobhniu.
Brigid possessed an apple orchard in the Otherworld; bees traveled there to obtain magical nectar. This orchard was associated with Avalon.
The Lady of the Lake in Arthurian Legend may be based on Brigid.
Brigid was the goddess of the Sacred Flame of Kildare. After the Christianization of the Celts, Brigid was considered the foster mother of Jesus Christ and was often called St. Brigid, daughter of the druid, Dougal the Brown. Some sources suggest that Saint Brigid was an Irish Catholic bishop.
On February 1, Brigid was celebrated at Imbolc, when she brought spring to the land. It is now the feast day of the Catholic St. Brigid.
Brigid was the patron goddess of the druids.
Brigid (Ireland) Brighid (Ireland) Bridget (Ireland) Anglicised version of the gaelic name. Brid Bride (Scotland) ffraid (Wales) Breo Saighead ("the fiery arrow") Berecyntia (Gaul) Brigan Brigandu (Gaul) Brigantia Brigantis (Briton) Brigindo (Switzerland)
Dechtere swallowed a mayfly; this made her pregnant with Cuchulainn
His father was Sualtam
His father was Lugh; she was impregnated by Lugh's soul, vomited Cuchulainn into life; thereby keeping her virginity.
- Cailte, Son of Ronan
- Conan Mac Moirna
- Conan Maol
- Diarmait, Son of Don: was a warrior of the Fianna before he ran off with Finn's bride Grainne and was finally killed by a giant boar on the heath of Benn Gulbain. Foster son of Oengus.
- Finn mac Cumhail: last leader of the Fianna
- Lughaid Stronghand: sorcerous warrior, nephew of Finn mac Cumhail, one of the four who could have untied the knots Diarmait bound the seakings with, but refused to do so. Lover of Aife, daughter of Manannan
- Oisin, son of Finn mac Cumhail: (Mc Phersons's Ossian)
- Osgur, Son of Oisin
Fionn was the son of Cumhail, leader of the Fianna, and Muirne. When he was just a baby, due to his father's death at the hands of his rival, Goal mac Morn, his mother chose to send him into hiding in the woods, in the care of two women: Bodhmall, a Druid, and Liath Luachra, a warrior and trainer. In the care of these two women he was given an extensive education in the subjects considered important for an Irish youth of his caste and time. When old enough, he returned to society, and passed the extraordinary tests required for membership in the Fianna. Fionn tried to serve several kings but they refused, frightened of retaliation from Goal.
Finally, Fionn met a poet near the river Boyne and studied under him for seven years. Near the end of the seven years, the poet caught the Salmon of Knowledge and Fionn cooked it for his master, not knowing the power of the fish. While it cooked, he burst a blister on the salmon, which burned his thumb; Fionn then sucked his thumb. As piece of the salmon's skin had become attached to his thumb, which Fionn then swallowed, he inherited the wisdom of the salmon. He then knew how to gain revenge against Goal, and in subsequent stories was able to call on the knowledge of the salmon by sucking his thumb.
In one version of the tale, Fionn killed Goal and the rest of his men; in another, he humbled Goal, who later became one of his most trusted soldiers.
Fionn eventually married a Sidhe woman.
Alternative: Fionn, Finn, Fionn mac Coul, Fionn mac Cool, Finn mac Coul, Finn mac Cool, Finn mac Cumhail, Finn McCool.
He raised many foster children: see Egobail and Lugh
In the Isle of Man, Manannan mac Lir was known as Mannan. On Midsummer Eve, people offered green grass to Mannan-beg-mac-y-Leir and prayed for blessings in seafaring and fishing. He was believed to be a magician who could make an illusory fleet from pea shells in order to discourage would-be invaders.
Alternative: Manawyddan ap Llyr (Welsh), Barinthus, Manannan, Manawydan, Mannan (Manx)
Tuatha de Danaan:
The Tuatha de Danaan had four magical treasures: